Linkage between Climate, Population


It is said that Africa’s people live in areas extremely susceptible to climate change resulting to extreme weather events (droughts, floods, temperatures, rainfall season shifts), environmental and ecosystems degradation including disappearance of plant and animal species and water scarcity. Also, according to a study contacted by the Population International, ‘population growth is occurring most rapidly in Africa, making people more vulnerable to climate change impacts. Africa’s population will grow from 1 billion in 2010 to 2.1 billion by 2050, with growth driven by countries in Sub Saharan Africa. There, the population will increase from 0.8 billion to 1.9 billion by 2050. Thirty-one of the 51 countries in Sub Saharan Africa are projected to at least double their population by 2050’.

According to the Kenya population situation analysis report, highlighted on the news on the 30th October, 2013, Kenya is facing a population explosion. There was a call to engage leaders on policy formulation, awareness programmes to enable the management of the population dynamics.

2.0 Proposed Intervention

There is urgent need to sensitize the policy makers and make them come up with appropriate policy and strategies as well as create awareness among the stakeholders, especially in regions where population is rapidly increasing and there is low climate change resilience among communities. These include the Western, Nyanza, Nairobi, Coast and parts of Eastern province. See the photograph below.

Kenya entered into the county governance systems, after the March, 2013 general elections in Kenya. According to the constitution of Kenya 2010, each county will function semi-autonomously. They will, through their county assemblies and county government policy processes, legislate and come up with relevant county policies, laws, plans and strategies.

At the county government level there is clear lack of strong climate change, gender and reproductive health voices, to be able to influence decisions and policy processes. Those needs call for purposeful action and advocacy towards the mainstreaming of gender, reproductive health in county climate change debates, policies, plans and strategies. This is the goal of this project.

Project Summary

The overall goal of this project is ‘Mainstreaming Gender, reproductive health and population dynamics in County Climate Change debates, policies and strategies’.

The objectives of this project will be:

Objective 1: To create awareness and sensitization on Climate Change, gender and reproductive health in 5 hotspot counties of Kenya.

Objective 2: To advocate for mainstreaming of Climate Change, Gender and reproductive health issues in debates and policies in 2 Counties.

Objective 3: To build the capacity of county CBOs for the purpose of enhancing adaptation and mitigation to impacts of climate change, with emphasis to women.

Basically, for us to achieve sustainable development there are a number of questions we need to ask and try to answer. Some of them include: what resources have we as a family, village, location/ward, division/constituency, County and country have we been bestowed with? How can we ensure sustainable management of these resources, what is the population that these resources can sustain, for this and the next generation? And surely the question of population growth and its connection to enhancing the negative impacts of climate change are important issues that we need to understand, legislate about and plan and implement projects in response to. These will, for example, be projects in climate change adaptation. This initiative helps identified groups in Kenya to interrogate the questions in this paragraph, among others.

3.0 The Policy analysis

To enable further influence of the policy processes, there has been an ongoing policy analysis of county policies and laws to find out how far these respond to climate change, population dynamics, reproductive health and gender needs for sustainable development to be achieved in the county.

This has been undertaken in at least two of the five primary target counties (Siaya, Kisumu, Homa Bay, Migori, Kitui and Makueni). This includes the specific policy analysis including the County integrated development plans, and policies around environment and natural resources as well as health; to thrash out key content of I.E.C materials and formulate county policy briefs focusing on population dynamics, reproductive health, gender and climate change adaptation.

This has been undertaken by a combined effort of CCNKenya and the Population Action International who involve experts of Population dynamics, reproductive health, gender and climate change adaptation to scan the existing policies and give a status report as well as recommendations to enable the counties to mainstream the issues in their county policies.

4.0 Strategic collaboration and Outcomes of the Policy analysis

To further follow up the recommendations of the policy analysis, CCNKenya and the Ministry of Water, Irrigation and Environment in Makueni County have agreed in principle to initiate a broadbased collaboration. This will include collaboration in bringing together the key policy makers in Makueni County, who will be convened courtesy of the Ministry of Water, Irrigation and Environment of Makueni County.

The outcomes of this analysis will be shared with policy makers, and key stakeholders in order for the counties to be able to mainstream the issues in the policies and policy processes. It is expected that:

  1. Clearer view of the policy situation in at least two counties will be given
  2. A report recommending methods and approaches to mainstream population, reproductive health, gender and climate change adaptation in policy processes will be outlined.
  3. Content for I.E.C materials to aid policy advocacy will be described, and
  4. Content for policy briefs will be outlined.

This Launch meeting is scheduled to be held in Makueni, targeting 15-20 policy makers in a Lunch hour meeting.

This Launch will lead to more specific county engagements on policies arising at the county level and the steps that can lead to policies and laws that are responsive to the ever increasing population and the need for reproductive health and needs in all the planning processes.

Specific recommendations given in the policy analysis will lead to future engagements between the collaborating partners, Ministry of Water, Irrigation and Environment Makueni County

Final Program

Makueni County Policy Brief Launch Meeting

Agenda and Programme:

Venue: Kelvian Hotel, Wote Date: 4th April, 2014

Event Coordination: Joseph Ngondi- CEO – CCNKenya

Time Activity Resource Person Session Moderator
1. 12.00-12.15 PM Arrival and Registration   Cosmus Kasimu
2. 12.15-12.30 Introduction of participants and Opening remarks, Daniel Mututa: PS Ministry of Water, Irrigation and Environment  

Eng. Joseph Ngondi



3. 12.30-12.45 Presentation 1:

Presentation on ‘Policy analysis on Mainstreaming Gender, Population dynamics and reproductive Health in Climate Change Debates in Kenya’ for specific counties

Population Action International (PAI). Mr Clive Mutunga.
12.45-1.00 Remarks

-CSOs representative – CESPAD

-Member of County Assembly

– Director, MWIE, Makueni

-PS, MWIE, Makueni County- Mr Daniel Mututta.

CCNKenya County NEMA Officer
1.00-1.15 pm Official Policy analysis Launch: Minister, MWIE, Makueni County Mr Kiilu. PS, Mr Daniel Mututa. Facilitator from MWIE. Makueni
1.15- 2.00 Conclusion, Lunch break and departure   All